After changing electrical wiring, pipes and utility systems, the final renovation stage is the refurbishment of the walls and the ceiling. Depending on the materials used, the sequence of work is determined. If you plan to paint or wallpaper the ceiling, such work is performed as a matter of priority. If the apartment owners wish to have a stretch ceiling or a suspended ceiling, then the sequence of the work does not matter.
No matter how hard manufacturers of modern decorative materials try to reduce consumers’ attention to wallpaper, they have not succeeded in doing it. Nowadays, wallpaper is back in the fashion spotlight. This material attracts clients due to the following:
Depending on the base material and the coating material, wallpapers can be as follows:
Depending on their appearance, wallpapers can be as follows:
Wallpapers can be distinguished either by their uniform colour, or by the type of pattern, its repeatability, colour, motif. In addition to this, paintable wallpapers exist. When choosing wallpapers, you need to consider their particular features, both advantages and disadvantages.
Consumers choose wallpapers depending on the place of their application and their price. Ordinary, paper wall covering is suitable for cottages, storerooms, rented apartments, and other premises. This is the cheapest material, and it has its advantages. Among the most important of these advantages are environmental friendliness and high breathability. Paper wall covering conceals surface irregularities very well. Paper wall coverings are distinguished by a wide variety of prints and can be single-layer (simplex) or two-layer (duplex). The pattern can be applied typographically or be hand-painted (premium wallpapers). Coating paper wall covering with a special primer gives the paper wall covering gloss and resistance to discolouration. Paper wall coverings can be both smooth and with a textured surface; they can be coloured in uniform colour or they can be white. They are glued to walls, ceilings, particle board, fibreboard, plywood, gypsum board.
The disadvantages of paper wall coverings include their low strength (especially when glued) and low moisture resistance.
Non-woven wallpaper contains both natural and chemical fibres. Initially, the material made from cellulose and polyester was used in the clothing industry, however, eventually, it began to be used for wall decoration. Non-woven wallpapers are distinguished by the following features:
The disadvantages of non-woven wallpapers include the following: the top side of such wallpapers is not washed; light-coloured wallpapers require a good preparation of the wall, without any contrasting spots. Additionally, a wall with dark spots needs to be primed.
Vinyl wall covering has two layers: a polyvinyl chloride layer and a paper or non-woven base. The varieties of vinyl wall coverings include the following:
The disadvantages of vinyl wall coverings include their unsafety. There are many conflicting opinions about this. Manufacturers of high-quality vinyl wall coverings speak about their benefits, taking into account the poor quality of low-grade wall coverings produced by unknown manufacturers. It is believed that the combination of a low-quality chemical material and a wallpaper adhesive can release formaldehyde. There is one more problem connected with impressive vinyl wall coverings: they are not breathable. Heavy vinyl, which tightly covers the wall, creates a moist environment while not allowing the wall to “breathe”. It is believed that such an environment is a suitable place for the growth of harmful microorganisms and fungi. The solution to this problem is possible thanks to the existence of vinyl wall coverings with a non-woven base. They are of lower weight, are convenient when carrying out a renovation, and the adhesive is spread on the wall, not on the roll. Another disadvantage of vinyl wall coverings is their high cost. If you compare wallpaper types using such parameters as beauty, durability and other characteristics, you will find that vinyl has a good combination of all these parameters.
Glass-fibre wallpaper appeared recently. Glass-fibre wallpaper is made from special glass-fibre. The materials for manufacturing such wallpapers are quartz sand, dolomite, soda, limestone. Because they are made from such materials, these wallpapers are hypoallergenic and safe. They are glued to the surface with a special durable adhesive. They have different weaving: gunny, rhombus, parquet, jacquard, Christmas tree. In most cases, such wallpapers are paintable. Their advantages:
Such wallpaper consists of 2 layers: a paper or a non-woven layer and a textile material. Textile wallpapers are an exquisite type of wall decoration; materials include viscose, linen, and silk. They can be distinguished by a variety of colours, textures, by their uniform colour or by the originality of their pattern. Their advantages:
The disadvantages of such wallpapers include the following:
Textile wallpapers require careful handling, their hanging is associated with special skills. Our specialists will hang textile wallpapers on the walls carefully and cautiously.
This type of wallpaper appeared relatively recently. When this type of wall covering is manufactured, quartz sand is applied to a non-woven base. Due to the existence of different sand colours, a unique wall covering type, made from natural materials, is created. Advantages:
The disadvantages are as follows:
In living rooms without a high level of humidity, non-woven or glass-fibre wallpapers can be hanged. They are environmentally friendly, durable, and easy to be painted over. For the bedroom, textile, non-woven or paper wall coverings are suitable. It is better not to use vinyl wall coverings there, as they are not breathable and may have a specific odour. Vinyl wall coverings are the best if they are used in the bathroom. For office rooms and studies, quartz wallpaper is suitable. Liquid wallpaper (silk plaster) or decorative plaster is acceptable for the hall, the corridor and the kitchen.
With our specialists, you can have any ceiling type. Ceilings can be as follows:
This ceiling design is considered to be classic. It can be painted after careful spackling and smoothing. For this design, repeated application of spackle layers will be required. Our craftsmen will make the ceiling smooth and beautiful.
Wallpapering a ceiling is a fairly common way to decorate a room. The company’s specialists will prepare the surface and wallpaper the ceiling, and they can use any type of wallpapers for this. Over time, this covering will not peel off or buckle.
Ceilings made from gypsum board tiles are ideal for rooms with high walls. In so-called “khrushchovkas” (a type of concrete-panelled or brick three- to five-storied apartment building) and private houses, a unique design can be created. In standard apartments, a single-level gypsum board ceiling is installed, which requires the use of 10-12 cm of the ceiling height. Due to using gypsum board, which can be painted or wallpapered, a perfectly smooth surface is created.
Nowadays, stretch ceilings are at the peak of popularity. They are distinguished by long-lasting durability, functionality, design. Stretch ceilings are suitable for any room, and they differ from each other in the following characteristics:
Regardless of the material chosen, stretch ceilings are fixed to the walls using special profiles that are fastened around the perimeter of the room. The canvas is inserted into the baguette and fixed without heating (fabric ceilings). When PVC ceilings are installed, the ceiling is heated, and the film is stretched using special heat guns.
A PVC stretch ceiling is made from a thin polyvinyl chloride film. It has the ability to stretch at elevated temperatures from + 60 degrees to + 70 degrees, and when cooled, it can slightly decrease in size. Due to this particular feature and the technological requirements for carrying out the renovation, a perfectly even covering is created, which has plenty of advantages:
The disadvantages of stretch PVC canvases include their low strength. The PVC material can be accidentally pierced with a sharp object: scissors, a screwdriver. Even a champagne cork can damage a PVC ceiling. The disadvantages also include the complete tightness of the canvas. This particular feature does not allow the ceiling to “breathe”, but, at the same time, it will keep out water from the upper floors if careless neighbours leave the tap open. A new PVC stretch ceiling may have a specific odour that is going to disappear over time.
A fabric ceiling is an exceptional option for people who have sufficient funds. It is expensive, but, at the same time, it is distinguished by the following features:
However, unlike a PVC ceiling, a fabric ceiling cannot be washed. Its moisture resistance is also lower. The colour range is rather narrow.
For some rooms (bathroom, corridor, balcony, loggia, kitchen), a plastic ceiling made from PVC panels is suitable. This ceiling covering will not only be aesthetic, but also easy to care for. Its advantages:
The disadvantages of ceiling structures made from PVC panels include their fragility.
If the wall surface is difficult to fix using plaster, gypsum plasterboards can be installed. Such installation will “steal” a little area, however, it will improve the condition of the walls, increase the soundproofing and provide additional thermal insulation. The joints between the boards are covered with tape and spackled.
In a lot of new buildings, space is not divided into different rooms. They are created by the residents themselves by means of the installation of structures made from gypsum board, foam concrete, autoclaved aerated concrete, brick.
The interior walls made from foam concrete blocks are built with minimum thickness. They are stronger than gypsum board and cheaper than brick. Foam concrete is easy to cut. By using tongue-and-groove foam concrete blocks, you can reduce adhesive mixture expenses. However, this material is characterised by increased fragility, and it crumbles easily. It is difficult to make a hole in it in order to hang a shelf. To do this, there are special foam concrete fasteners with spacer elements that are well fixed in an unstable porous structure. It is not recommended to hang heavy structures on foam concrete walls. For example, foam concrete walls are not suitable for hanging heavy kitchen cabinets.
Partitions made from bricks are a labour-intensive and costly classic that have become obsolete under the conditions of modern multi-family residential housing construction. Taking into consideration the weight of the bricks and their cost as well as the need for cement, it is better to use other materials for building partitions between rooms or false walls.
More recently, gypsum board partitions have become popular. They are installed after the screed and the plaster have dried. Otherwise, gypsum board can absorb moisture, swell and exfoliate.
Gypsum board is sheets of a certain thickness, consisting of gypsum with fillers and cardboard. The core is made from gypsum base, and the upper layers are made from cardboard. Gypsum is a natural mineral, which has many valuable properties. Cardboard gives increased strength and a smooth surface to the sheet.
Depending on the manufacturing technology, gypsum board can be as follows:
Some types of gypsum building boards have several properties of gypsum board at once.
Advantages of gypsum plasterboards
Gypsum board sheets do not have a pronounced odour, and they are distinguished by the following features:
Pieces of any shape, small windows can be cut in gypsum board. When erecting gypsum board partitions, two cardboard sheets with a lining in the middle (mineral wool) are often used. Due to this, soundproofing is increased, and the walls have the same thickness as that of a brickwork.
One of the valuable characteristics of gypsum plasterboards is the possibility of using various finishes. Textile and paper wall coverings, glass-fibre wallpapers, texture paints, plaster, ceramic tiles, decorative panels can be used.